The word “cooperative” is defined by BusinessDictionary.com as an organizaton that is "owned, controlled, and operated by a group of users for their own benefit.” As we continue to add best-in-class lender members across America, we want to continue to draw upon the collective knowledge of our lender members and their staffs to help set the direction for our network.
As a continued step in that direction, we’re looking to create three Lender Member Advisory Panels in the lead up to our Summer Lender Member Conference in Denver on August 21-23. These Advisory Panels will help us set The Collaborative’s direction and focus on the following initiatives, all integral to the value we provide our Members.
TMC Preferred Partner Network Oversight Panel - Will help manage our Preferred Partner network, to ensure it meets the needs of our Members and remains best-in-class.
TMC Educational & Peer-to-Peer Networking Panel - Will help set the direction of all endeavors and initiatives aimed at helping keep our Members informed and connected.
TMC Conference Planning Panel - Will help set the direction, content, locations, and speakers for our Winter and Summer Lender Member Conferences.
If interested, please let us know. We view these panels as a phenomenal way to get high upside managers or staff members more involved and plugged into the industry, where they will make new relationships and be exposed to new ideas, great people, and innovative thought leadership.
As part of the preparation for our Summer Lender Member Conference we recently surveyed our lender members on what is most top of mind for them right now, and what they want to see addressed on the agenda in Denver this August.
Three topics stood far above the rest in the feedback we received.
- Emerging Mortgage Technology
- Improving Operational Efficiency
- Creative Expansion & Growth Strategies
Our lender members are all focused on becoming more efficient, adding scale, and trying to make sense of the emerging technology in this industry. At a time when the intense regulatory climate leaves them with less time than ever to focus on playing offense instead of defense.
We also had our first monthly Lender Member Technology & Innovation Networking Call yesterday afternoon. We hit on many topics, but spent the most time talking about a truly paperless e-closing process as well as online consumer-direct mortgage application/pre-qual products that pull in borrower information real time through integrations. These are two products most of our lenders are looking at and assessing, but not yet currently using.
By Maria Zywiciel, President, NAHREP Consulting Services
Five years and 400 proposed rules later, many of the provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act’s 850-pages are yet to be finalized. Considering the many regulatory and legal changes in the housing industry over the past 30 years, this protracted implementation is not uncommon. Over this same period of time, one piece of legislation remains largely unchanged and critically important to the housing industry. Enacted in 1977, the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) sought to address redlining: discriminatory credit practices toward individuals in low to moderate income neighborhoods. Given the penalties for non-compliance, banks that accept FDIC insured funds remain vigilant in ensuring their business practices serve the communities from which they receive deposits.
As ubiquitous as CRA is with lending practices, it is frequently misunderstood. In the midst of the financial crisis, headlines questioned whether CRA was at fault for the financial meltdown. Others believe it is a lending quota for minorities. Of course, none of that is true. CRA evaluates banks on critical factors such as lending, investments and services and was intended to encourage banks to meet the credit needs of their entire community. A neighborhood of limited means needs access to more resources than just what their residents currently can make available themselves. Though related in some regards, CRA is not Fair Lending. The Fair Housing Act (FHA) and Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) protect consumers by prohibiting unfair and discriminatory practices whereas CRA is primarily focused on laws to encourage lending to low and moderate income borrowers and communities. As straight forward as the law sounds, it can be difficult for banks to achieve positive ratings, and there are serious consequences if they don’t achieve at least a Satisfactory Rating. In fact, anything less than a Satisfactory Rating precludes a bank from engaging in any merger and acquisition activity.
Because the law is often misunderstood and the implications are significant if not properly executed, it is critically important to have a solid plan. A strong CRA strategy demonstrates to examiners that you take the responsibility seriously. Operating with this approach additionally benefits your intuition by ensuring you meet the intended spirit of the law while serving the community in which you operate.
Following are ten steps for a successful Community Reinvestment Act Plan:
1. Understand the Goals
The goals are complex and vary by market. Have a clear understanding of the performance evaluation criteria for lending, investment and services. You should know how your institution will be evaluated in order to prepare for the exam. There are many resources depending on the size of the bank:
Small institutions https://www.ffiec.gov/cra/examinations.htm
Large institutions http://www.occ.gov/news-issuances/bulletins/2014/bulletin-2014-16a.pdf
2. Understand your company’s core strategic initiative
A common misstep of CRA directors and bank managers is to separate the CRA strategy from the core business strategy. CRA emphasis on serving the needs of the community must be consistent with safe and sound operation of the institution. You can have a stronger CRA strategy by aligning it with the bank’s overall business strategy.
3. Understand and collect assessment area characteristics
The CRA exam contains quantitative and qualitative elements. The quantitative part assesses your performance based purely on numerical data. The qualitative portion is vital in establishing context for your quantitative performance. Understanding socio economic factors such as average income, home prices, unemployment rates, etc. can help you paint a picture for the regulator about what has transpired in the assessment area, and how those factors have made it easier or more difficult for you to achieve the goals.
4. Align critical staff to sales
Often, CRA positions are held in a compliance department. While CRA roles should be aligned with compliance, to effect real gains on loan originations in LMI communities or with LMI borrowers, sales needs to be directly involved. A good approach is to have the compliance position work in conjunction with sales or to have a sales position that works directly with compliance. Ultimately, loan originations can only be done through loan mortgage originators.
5. Break down goals to align with sales territory
Once you have the sales alignment, make sure you break down the assessment area goals by manager or division or however else your organization divides its territory. Each manager, line staff and operations personnel member should know what the goals are for their respective region, and how they contribute to them.
6. Be specific in your “ask” of sales partners
Goals are great but instructing your team how to achieve the goals is even more important. FAQs, sales presentations and other tools are important to provide your team members. The more comfortable they feel, the more they will talk about it and maintain focus on achieving those goals.
7. Monitor progress on a regular basis
CRA exams are complicated because the goals are based on past HMDA performance, so you are comparing actual current performance against prior market performance. Even so, it is important to demonstrate to your team how they are progressing against the goals that have been assigned to them. Scorecards, including monthly and quarterly acknowledgement are important feedback.
8. Have a strong CRA exam writer
Don’t wait until the CRA exam period closes to start writing your story.
Have a working draft ready at all times for your critical markets. Documenting data, news articles, and success stories while that information is fresh will minimize the risk of forgetting important details.
9. Have a strong CRA exam presenter
The first day of the CRA exam is often referred to as “opening day”. This is when senior bank executives and management welcome the regulator and his/her staff for the commencement of the exam. Make sure you have a great speaker on behalf of your bank who can describe the many things you are doing to serve the community. This is a time to be proud of accomplishments and a time to clearly articulate any challenges. You want to put your best foot forward and sometimes the person who can do this on opening day is not the person who writes the exam.
10. Do the Right Thing
At the end of the day, an institution that does the right thing to serve the entire community will not find it hard to achieve its goals. Checking a box for the sake of moving on to the next flavor of the day won’t cut it. Those LMI borrowers of today, can be the jumbo loan of tomorrow. Truly understanding the purpose behind CRA and how it can help not only underserved (but qualified) borrowers is good business and it is doing the right thing.
L. Maria Zywiciel is President of NAHREP Consulting Services, a marketing consulting firm specializing in the Hispanic segment and Housing industry www.nahrepconsulting.com.
The second we saw Quicken Loans clever Super Bowl commercial for Rocket Mortgage, we knew it would have profound impact on the mortgage industry.
Are most home buyers going to forsake actually talking to a human being as they go through the most important purchase of their lives? No. Are the sterotypes of millenials overblown in general, especially by people in our industry? Yes.
But it’s obvious to us - incrementally - more and more home buyers will be comfortable with and eventually begin seeking out a point and click home finance experience.
And every time those Quicken commericals air, with the powerful image of that rocket blasting into the sky, it reminds potential home buyers that this is now an option. And puts mortgage lenders on notice that if they want to grow their market share, they need to really start looking into technology and innovation solutions that will provide a different type of experience for home buyers seeking that.
Next Tuesday will mark the official start of PHH’s appeals lawsuit against the CFPB when both sides meet before a panel of judges. In the lawsuit, PHH claims that the CFPB and their Director Richard Cordray overstepped authority by overturning a $6.5 million fine imposed by an internal CFPB judge and deciding instead to impose a $109 million fine for accepting what the CFPB says were kickbacks from mortgage insurers. PHH states in its lawsuit that the payments were a common practice at the time and that they ended the practice years before the CFPB was in existence, so the agency has no legal authority on the issue.
This past Tuesday, some industry eyebrows raised when the federal appeals court hearing the case told the CFPB to be ready to answer questions about their single-director governance structure which PHH claims is unconstitutional.
The case clearly has massive industry implications, especially with a Presidential election looming. Ted Cruz has previously introduced legislation to abolish the CFPB and Donald Trump and John Kasich are both on record saying over the top regulation is killing businesses. Both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders have praised the CFPB and have commented on supporting even broader jurisdiction for the agency.
We’ll be keeping a close eye on this case, and the potential implications it could have for our lender members.
Provided by Fannie Mae
Mortgage Lending for Today’s Market: the Rise of Extended Households
Fannie Mae’s Economic and Strategic Research group is reporting a “demographic sea change” in the housing market. Households are changing, with household growth being driven by traditionally underserved segments. One trend is the growth of extended-household living arrangements.
According to the National Association of Realtors (NAR), 13 percent of home purchases in 2015 were made by multigenerational households (2016 Home Buyer and Seller Generational Trends report). Such households often include parents of the homeowner, but adult children are common as well.
NAR reported that “Younger Baby Boomers” (home buyers ages 51 to 60) are “more likely to buy a multigenerational home. As the sandwich generation, they are nearly equally likely to buy this type of home for both children over 18 living at home and caretaking for aging parents.”
In fact, adult children make up 42 percent of extended households, according to Fannie Mae analysis of U.S. Census American Community Survey (ACS) data (ACS 2013 1-Year Public Use Microdata Sample). Not all extended-household members are relatives – 13% were non-relatives in the ACS data analysis.
Fannie Mae conducted research to better understand the characteristics of extended households and consider implications for mortgage lending. Our findings include:
Lawless’s FM Commentary discusses Fannie Mae’s research findings regarding the availability of “extra” income in extended households, stability of household income, and the potential impact on loan performance of allowing consideration of some non-borrower household income. For more information, view the full research paper and access HomeReady resources.
Also, read about the man behind the research: how a Fannie Mae researcher “stumbled onto” his work on extended-income households.
TMC - Chief Operating Officer